Los Desaparecidos de Argentina:
by: Susan Casarez
A WebQuest for the design of an appropriate memorial for the "disappeared" during the "dirty war" in Argentina from 1976-1982.
This lesson was developed as part of a unit on human rights in Latin America for an AP Spanish class.
The object of the lesson is to make students more aware of the events that took place during the 1970's-1980's in Argentina and to have them reflect on the importance of acknowledging and remembering these events.
This lesson is designed for AP Spanish language learners and involves social studies to a lesser extent. The lesson could be used for a native Spanish speaker course as well and could be used as a springboard for the study of human rights in other countries.
Students must possess an advanced level of reading proficiency in Spanish, as most of the links are in Spanish.
The following objectives for upper level Spanish, as outlined in the MCPS Foreign language curriculum standards are being met.
The student will use listening,
In addition to learning about this era in Argentina's history, students will also be learning about different art forms, poems and music, groups and individuals in Spanish speaking countries. They are required top use comparison, critical thinking and teamwork and compromise to create a model of the memorial that they propose.
1. Students will read a short background about the "Dirty War" in Argentina from the los derechos.org website.
2. Students form teams of 4 people. Students can be assigned randomly by the teacher, in set groups by the teacher, or they may form their own groups.
3. One person in each group will choose one of the four aspects of planning a memorial for the missing.
Location of the memorial
4. Each person will investigate the aspect (role) they have
chosen, using the links and y completing the specific tasks for
5. Students share information after each individual session and formulate a plan for a memorial together.
6. Students give an oral presentation of the final memorial. A gallery walk can be organized for students to view and appreciate each other's work.
If not enough computers are available at school, students could research their individual roles at home or in the library and compare notes at school.
Students from different groups but with the same role can also collaborate. For example, three artists in charge of the dedication for their group could work together.
Some useful resources:
Specific websites used
Ideas for artistic representation:
Written dedication for memorial:
Invitation for dedication of memorial:
One teacher can implement this lesson, but an aide or parent would be helpful. Presentations of the proposed memorials could be presented to an intermediate Spanish class, which could act as the judges.
Students will be evaluated on the completion of the tasks for their individual roles, as well as on the final proposal. Refer to the student rubric for the final product.
This lesson allows advanced Spanish students to read authentic Spanish related to an issue, comprehend detailed information and exchange it with classmates, seek and give advice on a course of action and present a persuasive argument, while learning about Argentine history.
The movie "La Historia Oficial" ("The Official Story"),directed by Luis Puenzo, inspired me to create this lesson in order to educate students in the United States about the abuses of human rights that occurred in the past and continue to occur in Latin America.
A lesson about the movie created by Amanda Macandrew of Montgomery County Public Schools also inspired me.
updated on May 27, 2002.